Japan relies on other countries for fuel and oil as they do not have significant reserves.
This reliance has been a historical struggle for Japan.
Before the Fukushima disaster, 30% of Japan’s electricity came from domestic nuclear power plants.
That way, they could provide at least some of their energy without importing it.
The earthquake, which was the most powerful ever recorded in Japan, triggered a tsunami that caused severe damage to the nuclear plant by setting off explosions and nuclear meltdowns.
The tsunami killed thousands, and the region became unlivable because of the radioactive contamination.
As a result, thousands more had to be evacuated from the locality and resettled elsewhere.
Due to public outrage at the inefficient handling of the situation and the dangers posed by nuclear plants, the country proceeded to close down most of its nuclear plants, bringing the number down from 54 to 9.